Depression is a common mental disorder involving persistent sadness and  loss of interest or pleasure accompanied by several of the following symptoms:  a loss of energy, a change in appetite, sleeping more or less, anxiety, reduced concentration, indecisiveness, restlessness, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, or hopelessness, and thoughts of self-harm or suicide. A person with depression considerable difficulty with daily functioning at home, school and work.

Depression is the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide. According to the latest estimates from WHO, more than 300 million people are now living with depression, an increase of more than 18% between 2005 and 2015. Lack of support for people with mental disorders, coupled with a fear of stigma, prevent many from accessing the treatment they need to live healthy, productive lives.


  • Depressed mood most of the day
  • Loss of  interest and pleasure
  • Decreased activity
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of confidence or self-esteem
  • Unreasonable guilt
  • Recurrent thoughts of death and suicide
  • Diminished ability to think or concentrate
  • Change in psychomotor activity
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Sleep disturbances (insomnia/hypersomnia)


Interpersonal therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and problem-solving treatment should be considered as a psychological treatment of depressive episode. Relaxation training and physical activities are also used to treat depressive episode/ disorder. In moderate and severe depression, problem-solving treatment should be considered as an adjunct to antidepressants.

Tips to manage depression

  • Talk to someone you trust about your feelings. Most people feel better after talking to someone who cares about them.
  • Seek professional help. Your local health-care worker or doctor is a good place to start.
  • Remember that with the right help, you can get better.
  • Keep up with activities that you used to enjoy when you were well.
  • Stay connected. Keep in contact with family and friends.
  • Exercise regularly, even if it’s just a short walk.
  • Stick to regular eating and sleeping habits.
  • Accept that you might have depression and adjust your expectations. You may not be able to accomplish as much as you do usually.
  • Avoid or restrict alcohol intake and refrain from using illicit drugs; they can worsen depression.
  • If you feel suicidal, contact someone for help immediately.

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Psychologist Jayesh K.G

Jayesh KG Consultant Psychologist & Remedial Educator

Jayesh K.G is an experienced and eminent Psychologist based in Thrissur and Kochi. He is currently working as Consultant Psychologist & Child Specialist at POSITIVE Psycho therapeutic Clinic, Thrissur. He worked as a Consultant Psychologist, Dept. of Child and Adolescent Guidance Clinic, Healing Minds-A clinic for mind wellness, Kochi. He is also leading the Department of Child and Adolescent Guidance Clinic at CHILD Development & Psychotherapy Clinic, Kodungallur and Olive Health Care, Vatanapalli.

Jayesh undertakes programs to increase awareness regarding mental health issues among the general population with the help of visual and print media.

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